Photo Courtesy of North Creek Nurseries

Carex vulpinoidea (Fox Sedge)

Stems are bluish-green and triangular in cross-section. Short-lived seed heads resemble a fox’s tail and are at the same height as the leaves. Slender, upright, slightly arching form. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms late spring to early summer
1.5-3 ft tall x 1-2 ft spread
HARDY to -30­°F (-34.4°C)
Deer and rabbit resistant
Attracts pollinators
Drought tolerant
Tolerant to juglone

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Zone Zone 4
Exposure Partial to Full Shade
Moisture Moderate to Consistent Moisture
Native to Native

Crisp white, aromatic plumes grow on thin green stems high atop dark green deeply lobed foliage. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms late spring to early mid summer
2-2.5 ft tall x 1-1.5 ft wide
HARDY to -30°F (-34.4°C)
Deer and rabbit resistant
Tolerant to juglone
Attracts butterflies
Fragrant

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Bright green lacy fronds on red stems. Moderate growth rate.

2-3 ft tall x 1-2 ft wide
Groundcover
Attracts butterflies
Deer and rabbit resistant

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Dark reddish pink heart-shaped everblooming flowers are contrasted against blue-green fern-like foliage. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms late spring to early
1-1.5 ft tall x 1-1.5 ft wide
HARDY to -40°F (-40°C)
Deer and rabbit resistant
Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds
Tolerant to juglone

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English ivy is a clinging vine with green leaves and creamy white veining that climbs by means of tiny sticky suckers. Commonly used as a groundcover, along a brick or stone wall, or as privacy to cover a fence. Rapid growth rate.

Blooms late spring to mid-summer
2-2.5 ft tall x 2.5-3.5 ft spread
HARDY to -20°F (-28.9°C)
Attracts butterflies
Deer and rabbit resistant
Groundcover
High salt tolerance

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Clump-forming green-rimmed silver-green leaves with purple-red veining grow below tall stems with small white and pink bell-shaped flowers. Fast growth rate.

Blooms early to late summer
1 ft tall x 1.5 ft spread
HARDY to -30°F (-34.4°C)
Attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds
Deer and rabbit resistant
Salt tolerant

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These shade-loving, rhizomatous, clump-forming perennials bear thick leaves that are aqua-blue with a red-purple spot where the leaf meets the petiole. Lavender bell-shaped flowers bloom on one-sided racemes atop tall bracted scapes. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms early summer
1.5 ft tall x 2.5 ft spread
HARDY to -40°F (-40°C)
Attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds
Moderate salt tolerance
Tolerant to juglone

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Olive green blades with orange tips turn a warm copper hue in the summer, then fade to  orange when the colder winter weather arrives. In early summer, brown blooms of inconspicuous flowers form on stems that wilt delicately as the season progresses. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms in early summer
1.5-2 ft tall x 1.5-2 ft wide
HARDY to -10­°F (-23.3°C)
Deer and rabbit resistant
Drought tolerant

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Dense tufts of fine, low-growing, blue-gray blades form a compact mound, with upright flower plumes of light green with a purple tinge appearing in the summer. The leaves retain their colour all season. Fast growth rate.

Blooms early spring to mid-summer
0.75-1.5 ft tall x 1.5-2 ft spread
HARDY to -40°F (-40°C)
Heat tolerant
Deer and rabbit resistant
Drought tolerant
Tolerant to juglone
Salt tolerant

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