Ferns

Ferns are lush, exotic and graceful perennials that are easy to grow and require no care. They are available in various colours, shapes and sizes making it a good companion plant in a shade garden or growing on their own in a mass planting.

A B C D F M O P

A

Bright green fronds with curved stalks on thin, wiry black stems. Pink or burgundy red coiled young fiddleheads appear in early spring. Moderate growth rate

Blooms early spring
1-2 ft tall x 2 ft wide
HARDY to -40°F (-40°C)
Groundcover

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Salmon-flushed fronds emerge in late winter/early spring and mature to a fresh spring-green. Wiry black stems support the broadly triangular fronds that are made up of many small fan-shaped segments.

Blooms in late winter to early spring
6-8 in tall x 1-3 ft spread
HARDY to -20°F (-28.9°C)
Deer tolerant

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Silvery light green fronds show their best colour in the shade. Too much sunlight will cause the colour to fade. Once the weather cools the foliage turns an attractive burgundy hue. Moderate growth rate

Blooms mid spring to summer
2-3 ft tall x 1-1.5 ft wide
HARDY to -30°F (-34.4°C)
Deer and rabbit resistant
Wet soil tolerant

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Large arching silvery fronds sport green highlights and purple stems. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms mid spring to summer
3 ft tall x 4-6 ft wide
HARDY to -30°F (-34.4°C)
Attracts butterflies
Deer and rabbit resistant

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Light green lacy fronds grow , moderate growth rate,

Blooms mid spring to summer
2-3 ft tall x 1-2 ft wide
HARDY to -30°F (-34.4°C)
Attracts butterflies
Deer and rabbit resistant
Groundcover

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Foliage is narrow and mid-green, with the tips of the fronds ending in a forked point, and arranged in a criss-cross pattern. Shorter sport of ‘Victoriae’. Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested; handling plant may cause skin irritation/allergy.

Blooms mid spring to summer
1.5-2 ft tall x 1.5 ft wide
Attracts butterflies
Deer and rabbit tolerant

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Bright green lacy fronds on red stems. Moderate growth rate.

2-3 ft tall x 1-2 ft wide
Groundcover
Attracts butterflies
Deer and rabbit resistant

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Dark green feather like foliage grows in thick circular clumps.

Blooms mid spring to summer
1.5-2 ft tall x 2 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant

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Lacy arching fronds emerge in rich burgundy and gradually mature to grey green, with their Merlot-hued ribs remaining. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms mid spring to summer
1-1.5 ft tall x 1-1.5 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant

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Silver and green-almost metallic- fronds form an attractive arch with their variegated maroon stems. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms mid spring to summer
1.5 ft tall x 2 ft wide
Groundcover
Deer and rabbit resistant

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This is known to be one of the more hardy selection of ferns. Silvery green fronds bear burgundy veins and stems. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms mid spring to summer
1-2 ft tall x 1-1.5 ft wide
Groundcover
Deer and rabbit resistant

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Silver green fronds with burgundy highlights and red stems form small mounds that are excellent for borders. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms mid spring to summer
1-1.5 ft tall x 1.5-2 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant

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Intense silver-green arching fronds with dark maroon veining turn a rich green in the summer. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms mid spring to summer
2 ft tall x 2 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant

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B

Evergreen sterile fronds form a loose spreading rosette, while fertile fronds grow from the centre of the plant to stand erect, turning brown as the season progresses.

1-1.5 ft tall x 1-2 ft wide
HARDY to -20°F (-29°C)
Rabbit resistant

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C

Dull green fronds resembling holly branches, hence it’s common name , are adorned with stiff upright leaves. Moderate growth rate. Acidic.


1-2 ft tall x 1-2 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant
Attracts butterflies

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D

Hairy oval-oblong fronds with yellow-green foliage are thin textured. The fronds turn coppery orange in fall. Fast growth and spread rate.

1-2 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide
Fragrant
Rabbit tolerant

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Green broadleaf fronds grow best in part to full shade with humusy, moist soil rich in organic matter. Use as a vertical accent in a woodland or shade garden. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms early spring to summer
3-5 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant
Wet soil tolerant

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Semi-evergreen finely divided leaves grow on delicate fronds with rusty-brown scales, giving a lacy appearance. Grown best in part to full shade with humusy, moist soil rich in organic matter. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms early spring to summer
1-2 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant
Attracts butterflies
Wet soil tolerant

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Lime-green, lacy, outward-growing fronds that are finely toothed and disjointed in appearance sport blackish scales on the stems. Grown best in part to full shade with humusy, moist soil rich in organic matter. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms early spring to summer
2-3 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant
Attracts butterflies
Wet soil tolerant

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Orange-to-red-copper-pink young fronds unfurl in spring and turn to shiny deep green in the warmer months. Grown best in part to full shade with humusy, moist soil rich in organic matter. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms early spring to summer
1.5-2.5 ft tall x 1.5-2.5 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant
Attracts butterflies
Wet soil tolerant

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Orange-to-red-copper-pink young fronds unfurl in spring and turn to shiny deep green in the warmer months. Grown best in part to full shade with humusy, moist soil rich in organic matter. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms early spring to summer
1-2 ft tall x 1-2 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant
Attracts butterflies
Wet soil tolerant

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Dark green, narrow leathery leafed fronds grow lush on this male fern. Grown best in part to full shade with humusy, moist soil rich in organic matter. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms early spring to summer
3-4 ft tall x 3-4 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant
Wet soil tolerant

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Grey-green fronds with a leathery, deeply cut appearance grow lush on this woodland fern. Grown best in part to full shade with humusy, moist soil rich in organic matter. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms early spring to summer
2.5-3 ft tall x 1.5-2 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant
Wet soil tolerant

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F

NEW

Sturdy medium green fronds grow lush on this male fern. Grown best in part to full shade with humusy, moist soil rich in organic matter. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms early spring to summer
2-3 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant
Wet soil tolerant

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NEW

Sturdy, upright, medium green fronds with a slightly ruffled appearance grow lush on this male fern. Grown best in part to full shade with humusy, moist soil rich in organic matter. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms early spring to summer
2.5-3 ft tall x 1.5-2 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant
Wet soil tolerant

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Narrow lime green fronds tapering down at the tip and at the lower part of blade. Grown best in part to full shade with humusy, moist soil rich in organic matter. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms early spring to summer
1-2 ft tall x 1-2 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant
Wet soil tolerant
Tolerant to juglone

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M

This deciduous fern gets its common name from the long, upright feathery fronds that resemble ostrich plumes. Before the fronds unfurl in the spring, they can be harvested and cooked to make a delicious side dish. Fast growth rate.  
 
Blooms mid-spring to fall
HARDY to -40 °F (-40 °C) 

4-6 ft tall x 3-4 ft wide 
Deer and rabbit resistant

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O

Long bright green fronds with triangular pinnae. Fertile fronds appear in late summer, turning brown and staying upright though winter. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms late spring to fall
3-4 ft tall x 3-4 ft wide
HARDY to -30°F (-34.4°C)
Attracts bees and butterflies
Deer and rabbit resistant
Drought tolerant
Tolerant to juglone

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Green spore-bearing fronds appear in spring, quickly turning brown. Fiddleheads pop up at the base of the plant and unfurl into sterile, chartreuse fronds. Moderate growth rate.

2-3 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide
HARDY to -40°F (-40°C)
Attracts bees and butterflies
Deer and rabbit resistant
Drought tolerant
Tolerant to juglone

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Green spore-bearing fronds appear in spring, quickly turning brown. Fiddleheads pop up at the base of the plant and unfurl into sterile, chartreuse fronds. Moderate growth rate.

2-3 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide
HARDY to -40°F (-40°C)
Attracts bees and butterflies
Deer and rabbit resistant
Drought tolerant
Tolerant to juglone

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P

Light green fronds, tapered at both ends, grows in an upright pinnate clump, moderate growth rate, 1-2 ft tall x 1-1.5 ft wide, partial to full shade

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Bright green, shiny leaves with wavy margin, 1.5-2 ft tall x 1-2 ft wide, partial to full shade, acidic.

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Dark green, shiny leaves, forked tips, 2 ft tall x 1 ft wide, partial to full shade.

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Dark green, shiny leaves, light brown stems, moderate growth rate, 1.5-2 ft tall x 1.5-2 ft wide, groundcover, partial to full shade, acidic.

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Dark green, shiny leaves, brown stems, moderate growth rate, 3-4 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide, groundcover, partial to full shade.

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Dark green, silver underside, brown stems, moderate growth rate, 2-3 ft tall x 2 ft wide, groundcover, partial to full shade.

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