Fern Dryopteris filix-mas (Male Fern)

Sturdy medium green fronds grow lush on this male fern. Grown best in part to full shade with humusy, moist soil rich in organic matter. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms early spring to summer
2-3 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide
Deer and rabbit resistant
Wet soil tolerant

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Zone Zone 4
Exposure Partial to Full Shade
Moisture Moderate to Consistent Moisture
Native to Native

Scarlet red plumes are vividly displayed atop leaves tinted red that turn medium green through the season. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms mid to late summer
2 ft tall x 1.5-2 ft wide
HARDY to -30°F (-34.4°C)
Fragrant
Deer and rabbit resistant
Attracts bees
Tolerant to juglone

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Hot-pink blooms rise on red stems above a dense clump of dark glossy foliage and rebloom in late spring/ early summer. Compact, columnar, dwarf habit.

Blooms mid to late spring
6-10″ tall x 7-9″ spread
HARDY to -30 °F (-34.4 °C)
Moderate salt tolerance
Attracts butterflies
Deer and rabbit resistant
Drought tolerant

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This mat-forming ground cover features small, delicate white 4-petalled flowers in loose cymes on foliage of tall, thin, square stems bearing dark green leaves. The entire plant is fragrant, giving off the scent of freshly mown hay when crushed. Fast growth rate.

Blooms early to mid-spring
0.5-1 ft tall x 0.75-1.5 ft spread
Attracts butterflies
Deer and rabbit resistant
Tolerant to juglone
Groundcover

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Dense clumps of arching stems, with brilliant golden green-to-chartreuse leaves in cascading layers resemble dwarf bamboo. Hidden among the foliage are tiny delicate green flower heads. The foliage turns to an attractive golden tan shade as the weather cools. Slow growth rate.

Blooms late summer to early fall
1-2 ft tall x 1-2 ft spread
Shade tolerant
Deer and rabbit resistant
Groundcover

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Clump-forming leaves that turn from red to black to maroon over the seasons grow below tall dark stems with small white bell-shaped flowers. Fast growth rate.

Blooms early to late summer
1.5-2 ft tall x 1.5 ft spread
HARDY to -30°F (-34.4°C)
Attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds
Deer and rabbit resistant
Salt tolerant

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This semi-evergreen perennial groundcover features silver heart-shaped leaves with dark green scalloped edging and clusters of deep magenta flowers that appear in spring that remain until fall. Fast growth rate.

Blooms early summer
0.5 ft tall x 1-2 ft spread
HARDY to -30°F (-34.4°C)
Attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds
Drought tolerant
Deer and rabbit resistant

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(Sombrero® Series) Flower petals open peachy-coral, then turn rose-red, and fade to burgundy as the season progresses. They surround a bright red-brown rounded cone and grow en masse above bright green foliage. Rapid growth rate.

Use as cut or dried flowers. Be sure to keep some flowers in the garden over winter, as the blackened seedheads provide cold-season garden interest, as well as food for finches and other winter birds.

Blooms mid-summer to early fall
1.5-2 ft tall x 2 ft spread
Attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds
Deer and rabbit resistant
Drought tolerant

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A myriad of tightly packed, glistening steel-blue flowers on spiny, pincushion-like blooms are contrasted against chartreuse leaves and bracts, and silver blue stems that rise above smooth blue green, deeply toothed, textured leaves. Moderate growth rate.

Blooms mid-summer
1-2 ft tall x 1 ft spread
Attracts butterflies
Drought tolerant
Deer and rabbit resistant
Salt tolerant

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